canada cannabis legal

Cannabis Legalization in Canada: A Comprehensive Overview by Province

Canada’s legalization of cannabis in October 2018 marked a significant shift in drug policy, making it the second country in the world to legalize recreational cannabis nationwide. Since then, each province has implemented its own regulations regarding the sale, purchase, and cultivation of cannabis. Here’s a detailed breakdown of the situation in each province:

1. British Columbia (BC):

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  • Purchase: Cannabis can be purchased from government-run BC Cannabis Stores, as well as private retail stores licensed by the province’s Liquor and Cannabis Regulation Branch.
  • Home Growing: Adults aged 19 and older can grow up to four plants per household for personal use, following guidelines outlined by the province.

2. Alberta:

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  • Purchase: Cannabis is available for purchase from privately owned retail stores licensed by the Alberta Gaming, Liquor & Cannabis Commission (AGLC), as well as online through the AGLC’s website.
  • Home Growing: Adults aged 18 and older can grow up to four plants per household for personal use.

3. Saskatchewan:

Saskatchewan Flag

  • Purchase: Cannabis can be purchased from licensed private retail stores regulated by the Saskatchewan Liquor and Gaming Authority (SLGA), as well as through the SLGA’s online store.
  • Home Growing: Similar to Alberta, adults aged 19 and older can grow up to four plants per household.

4. Manitoba:

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  • Purchase: Cannabis can be purchased from licensed private retail stores and the Manitoba Liquor & Lotteries Corporation’s online store.
  • Home Growing: Home cultivation is prohibited in Manitoba.

5. Ontario:

Ontario Flag

  • Purchase: Cannabis can be purchased from government-operated Ontario Cannabis Stores (OCS), online and through select retail stores licensed by the Alcohol and Gaming Commission of Ontario (AGCO).
  • Home Growing: Adults aged 19 and older can grow up to four plants per household for personal use.

6. Quebec:

Quebec Flag

  • Purchase: Cannabis can be purchased from Société québécoise du cannabis (SQDC), government-operated stores, as well as through their online platform.
  • Home Growing: Home cultivation is prohibited in Quebec.

7. New Brunswick:

Quebec Flag

  • Purchase: Cannabis can be purchased from Cannabis NB retail stores, operated by the New Brunswick Liquor Corporation (ANBL), and through their online store.
  • Home Growing: Adults aged 19 and older can grow up to four plants per household for personal use.

8. Nova Scotia:

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  • Purchase: Cannabis can be purchased from Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation (NSLC) retail stores and through their online platform.
  • Home Growing: Adults aged 19 and older can grow up to four plants per household for personal use.

9. Prince Edward Island (PEI):

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  • Purchase: Cannabis can be purchased from government-operated PEI Cannabis retail stores and through their online platform.
  • Home Growing: Adults aged 19 and older can grow up to four plants per household for personal use.

10. Newfoundland and Labrador:

Newfoundland Flag

  • Purchase: Cannabis can be purchased from licensed private retailers and the Newfoundland and Labrador Liquor Corporation (NLC) stores.
  • Home Growing: Adults aged 19 and older can grow up to four plants per household for personal use.

11. Yukon:

Yukon Flag

  • Purchase: Cannabis can be purchased from licensed private retailers and the Yukon Liquor Corporation’s online store.
  • Home Growing: Adults aged 19 and older can grow up to four plants per household for personal use.

12. Northwest Territories (NWT):

Yukon Flag

  • Purchase: Cannabis can be purchased from licensed private retailers and the NWT Liquor and Cannabis Commission’s online store.
  • Home Growing: Adults aged 19 and older can grow up to four plants per household for personal use.

13. Nunavut:

Nunavut Flag

  • Purchase: Cannabis can be purchased from licensed private retailers and through the Nunavut Liquor and Cannabis Commission’s online store.
  • Home Growing: Adults aged 19 and older can grow up to four plants per household for personal use.

It’s important to note that while federal legalization sets a baseline, each province has the authority to establish its own regulations and restrictions regarding the sale, purchase, and cultivation of cannabis. Therefore, some variations may exist between provinces regarding the legal age, retail models, and home cultivation allowances. Additionally, regulations are subject to change, so it’s essential to stay updated with local laws and guidelines.

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